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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl790\margr1223\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5358\margrsxn2054\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr68\colno2\colw4039 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 i86}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 ASVAMEDHA : EXTENT OF KINGDOM}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn790\margrsxn1223\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb230\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn790\margrsxn1223\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw1544\colsr3010\colno2\colw5674 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li302\fi0\ri0\sb1246\sa0\sl-126\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-31\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs42 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 ^m^mm}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-126\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex157\expndtw-19\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs28 $   \i0\scaps i^kp;^:^}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-126\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex74\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 *    ?^-4gfi>;;i;4iij'-;;!^r}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi450\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 (e) The Asvamedha sacrifice \i0 : The performance of \expndtw2 the \i Afvamedha \i0 was one of the notable events of Pus-\expndtw6 yamitra's reign. It is referred to in the \i Mdlavikdgnimi-\expndtw8 tra\sub t\nosupersub  \i0 and by Patanjali. Indeed, the latter officiated as \expndtw13 priest in this sacrifice, as would appear from the passage \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  "iha Pusyamitram yajayamah" (here we \expndtw2 are sacrificing for Pusyamitra) \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  which Patanjali men\-\expndtw5 tions as an instance of the use of the present tense to \expndtw10 denote an incomplete action. The Ayodhya inscrip\-\expndtw4 tion\super 1\nosupersub  further informs us that Pusyamitra performed not \expndtw2 one but two horse-sacrifices. In the opinion of Jayasval, \expndtw-4 the second \i A&vamedha \i0 was celebrated because Pusyamitra \expndtw5 suffered a reverse at the hands of king Kharavela of \expndtw3 Kaliriga. We shall, however, show below that the contemporaneity of these two rulers is extremely doubt\-\expndtw-2 ful.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Extent of Kingdom}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi432\ri22\sb184\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Pusyamitra's jurisdiction extended to Jalandhar \expndtw5 and Sakala (Sialkot) in the Punjab, if we accept the \expndtw4 testimony of the Tibetan historian, Taranatha, and the \i\expndtw-1 Divydvaddna. \i0 The latter also indicates that Pataliputra \expndtw3 continued to be the royal residence. Pusyamitra's sway \expndtw2 over Ayodhya is proved by an inscription found there,\super 2 \nosupersub\expndtw-2 whereas according to the \i Mdlavikdgnimitra \i0 his dominions \expndtw10 comprised Vidisa and the southern regions as far as \expndtw5 the Narrnada. Pusyamitra appears to have made virtu\-\expndtw8 ally a feudal division of his extensive territories, for \expndtw4 one version of the \i Vqyu Purana \i0 states :}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn790\margrsxn1223\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4936\fi0\ri0\sb187\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub Ep.  Ind.,  XX,   \i0 (April, 1929),   pp.   54-58.    cf.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4558\fi385\ri18\sb263\sa0\sl-209\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2\nosupersub  Ayodhya appears to have been a viceroyalty under \i KoJa/a-\expndtw4 dhlpa \i0 Dhana (deva or bhuti ?), whose coins are also known. He \expndtw9 is described in the inscription as " jsqiqwr ^"^T ", i-\super e\nosupersub -> ^e \expndtw1 sixth son of Pusyamitra. Some scholars, however, take the ex\-\expndtw4 pression to mean the sixth brother or descendant of Pusyamitra.}\par }